National treasures are precious and rare objects, typical of the country in terms of history, culture and science. National treasures are protected and preserved according to special regimes, according to the specific provisions of the Cultural Heritage Law.
For the long-term preservation and promotion of the value of collections of artifacts, first of all, the National Museum of History organized the digitalization and application of 3D technology into preservation and protection. Managing and promoting the value of national treasures.
The goal is to build 3D data sets in a systematic, normative and scientific way; To provide effective management and research without having to directly contact the exhibitor, without affecting the exhibits; Display for visitors at the museum or through the Internet in a lively, attractive way; Serving scientific exchanges with museums in and outside the country, from which there is information connection to modernize the work of museum quickly, effectively ...
In the process of digitizing, in order to match the technology, the treasures are divided into two groups:
1. Group of physical objects (in three-dimensional space), including treasures such as Ngoc Lu bronze drum, Dao Thinh bronze drum, Hoang Ha bronze drum, , Bronze pottery, bronze Canh Thinh, Vo Canh beer, Viet Khe boat hut, Van Ban bell.
2. The group of flat objects (in two-dimensional space), including treasures such as: Kẻ Mệnh Kách Mệnh, "The Call for National Resistance".
Digitalization process consists of 3 main stages as follows:
1. The number of objects
2. Set up data centers to manage the exploitation of information in kind in a convenient manner, ensuring the safety of information in digital artifacts.
3. Organizing the provision of information on objects already digitized for management and research purposes; Virtual exhibits serve visitors at the museum or through the internet and other media.
At the digitization of artifacts: for the group of massifs will use 3D scanner to scan 3D objects. Depending on the size of the object we will use the appropriate scanner. For 2D artifacts, a 2D scanner or a dedicated camera is used.
Next, data centers will be created to store, manage and distribute documents, digitized artifacts will be put into the server's memory for storage, data management and retrieval. These devices must have sufficiently large memory, which is calculated to match the current and potential for development in the next 10 years. The data center is equipped with a software to manage, sort and sort the contents of documents in kind, together with a detailed search engine to facilitate the management and exploitation of information in kind. . In the storage of information on digital artifacts on the server, attention should be paid to the backup (backup) in order to avoid server problems causing loss of data. Backup media can be DVDs or specialized tapes.
Exploitation organization for management, study of artifacts and display for visitors. From the Data Center, we can transfer digitized information over the Internet to computer systems or technical facilities serving the public inside and outside the museum.
Currently, the National Museum of History is coordinating with partners to deploy the work, 14 national treasures have been digitized and are finishing to enter the data center. At the Department of Inventory Management has been equipped with 01 Server to store management and exploitation, but to perform well in the future, it is necessary to add some auxiliary equipment.
Thus, the digitization of materials in general, 3D digitization of 14 national treasures in particular is very necessary work.
This is an effective tool for museums to manage the treasures in a very flexible and convenient manner, contributing to improving the efficiency of national heritage management.
For the preservation of artifacts, the original artifacts will be preserved better because after digitization, people have less direct impact when they need to inventory, research ...
Particularly, digitization of artifacts helps us to create modern exhibits, interact with visitors, help viewers to participate in museum activities, make museum activities become more interactive. so attractive, lively. Digital technology allows us to display digitized artifacts (virtual museums) widely to the general public at all times and places.
In addition, information technology has grown tremendously, the management and display of museum artifacts digitally, and the great potential of information technology is no longer considered. Too complex, costly as in previous years. At the same time, this is one of the tasks that have been carried out to implement the "Information Technology Application Plan of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism".
However, this is only the first step, in the next time, we will continue to digitize the other typical artifacts in the museum. First of all priority 3D digital artifacts for the specialized exhibitions, supplement information is digitized artifacts for permanent display. In the process of implementation, we realize that it is important in the process of digitizing documents in kind to pay attention to the content of the material because the machine can replace the information in kind. must be kept in the proper way from the beginning and must be regularly supplemented.
The application of science and technology to the preservation and promotion of cultural heritage values in general, museum objects in particular creates new opportunities for the museum to become more attractive, more modern but It also poses great challenges because of the need to enjoy the historical and cultural values of the growing public.